Acquisition International - January 2017 53 Are You Aware of Your Duties as a Manager or Director? auditor before approving and presenting them to the general assembly along with their recommendations on the distribution of profits and to submit a copy of the same and the company’s books and documents if so requested by one of the shareholders; • To call for a general assembly meeting at least once within a fiscal year and in accordance with the Law and; • To register the dissolution of the company in the commercial register with the competent authority and to announce the same in two daily local newspapers. In addition to the above duties, the Law lists specific obligations imposed upon the managers and the directors of some companies according to the nature and legal form of that company. For instance, the managers of limited liability companies are obliged to link its name with the phrase ‘LLC’ (otherwise they could be held jointly and severally accountable for the company’s obligations) and the chairmen and the directors of joint stock companies are obliged to: • Convene board meetings at least 4 times a year; • Notify the competent authority of all the resolutions relating to the election of the chairman, the vice chairman and any other executive directors; • Prior to their appointment, confirm in writing their acceptance of their nomination as directors and to disclose any activities conducted directly or indirectly by them in competition with the business of the company; • If any of them has any common or a conflicting interest in a transaction presented before the board for approval, he/she must notify the board of such interest, and such declaration must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting. Such a director shall not vote on the resolution concerning such transaction. Many directors fail to consider or comply with this requirement, and in such event, the company or any of its shareholders may apply to the competent court to annul the contract or to require the violating director to pay any profit or benefit gained by him from such contract to the company; and • Not utilise the information to which they have access due to their position or occupation, to gain any interest for themselves or for third parties whatsoever. In order to ensure that managers and directors comply with all their duties and obligations under all the legislation, laws and regulations, the legislator has imposed on them numerous penalties involving fines or even imprisonment for violations. Furthermore, some penalties may be imposed on companies due to the violations or breaches by their managers or boards of the provisions of the Law or the MOA and/or AOA, and such penalties may be deducted from the Boards’ remuneration or claimed from the managers and any exemptions or waivers granted to them in that respect will be void. There are many duties and obligations imposed on managers and directors in the UAE of which they must be fully aware in order to avoid violations, as any violation or breach may expose them to substantial liabilities, whether civil or criminal.